Missions   Phobos

Phobos Mission

Spacecraft during
integration.


The Phobos Mission was a Soviet mission to the planet Mars launched in July 1988 carrying contributions from several countries. C.T. Russell served as a co - investigator on the Austrian fluxgate magnetometer investigation. Two Phobos spacecraft were launched in July 1988.

Sketch of the Phobos
spacecraft in orbit.


Figure 1 shows one of these on the ground during integration. The first Phobos spacecraft failed during transit to Mars. The second Phobos spacecraft entered Mars orbit in February 1989. Figure 2 shows an artist's sketch of the Phobos spacecraft in orbit about Mars. The spacecraft orbit was initially elliptical and then was changed to circular at the distance of the moon Phobos. As the spacecraft was being maneuvered close to Phobos, contact was lost.



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Last updated: December 31, 1999