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Introduction to Space Physics: Table of Contents

  1. A BRIEF HISTORY OF SOLAR TERRESTRIAL PHYSICS
    C. T. Russell
    1.1 Ancient Auroral Sightings
    1.2 Early Measurements of Geomagnetic Field
    1.3 Emergence of a Scientific Discipline
    1.4 The Ionosphere and Magnetosphere
    1.5 The Solar Wind
    1.6 Magnetospheric Exploration
    1.7 Planetary and Interplanetary Exploration
    1.8 Concluding Remarks

  2. PHYSICS OF SPACE PLASMAS
    M. G. Kivelson
    2.1 Introduction
    2.2 Single Particle Motion
    2.3 Collections of Particles
    2.4 The Plasma State
    2.5 The Fluid Description of a Plasma
    2.6 Two Application of the MHD Equations
    2.7 Conclusion
    Appendix 2A: Some Properties of Nonrelativistic Charged Particles in Magnetic Fields

  3. THE SUN AND ITS MAGNETOHYDRODYNAMICS
    E. R. Priest
    3.1 Introduction
    3.2 The New Sun
    3.3 The Role of the Magnetic Field
    3.4 MHD Equilibria, Waves, and Instabilities
    3.5 Solar Activity
    3.6 Prominences
    3.7 Coronal Heating
    3.8 Solar Flares
    3.9 Conclusions

  4. THE SOLAR WIND
    A. J. Hundhausen
    4.1 Introduction
    4.2 A Quick Survey of Solar-Wind Properties
    4.3 The Basic Concept of Solar-Wind Formation in the Solar Corona
    4.4 The Magnetic Structure of the Corona and Solar Wind
    4.5 The Major Time-dependent Disturbances of the Solar Wind

  5. COLLISIONLESS SHOCKS
    D. Burgess
    5.1 Introduction
    5.2 Shocks Without Collisions
    5.3 Shock structure: How Shocking
    5.4 Things that haven't Been Mentioned
    Appendix 5A: The de Hoffman-Teller Frame
    Appendix 5B: Energetic Particles and Foreshocks
    Appendix 5C: Determining the Shock-Normal Direction

  6. SOLAR-WIND INTERACTIONS WITH MAGNETIZED PLANETS
    R. J. Walker and C. T. Russell
    6.1 Introduction
    6.2 Planetary Magnetic Fields
    6.3 Size of the Magnetospheric Cavity
    6.4 Shape of the Magnetospheric Cavity
    6.5 Self-consistent Models
    6.6 Flow Around the Magnetosphere
    6.7 Concluding Remarks

  7. IONOSPHERES
    J. G. Luhmann
    7.1 Introduction
    7.2 Ion Production
    7.3 Ion Loss
    7.4 Determining Ionospheric Density from Production and Loss Rates
    7.5 An Example: The Earth's Ionosphere
    7.6 Other Considerations Relating to Ionospheres
    7.7 Final Notes

  8. PLASMA INTERACTIONS WITH UNMAGNETIZED BODIES
    J. G. Luhmann
    8.1 Interaction
    8.2 Plasma Interactions with Moonlike Bodies
    8.3 Plasma Interactions with Bodies with Atmospheres
    8.4 Concluding Remarks

  9. THE MAGNETOPAUSE, MAGNETOTAIL, AND MAGNETIC RECONNECTION
    W. J. Hughes
    9.1 Introduction
    9.2 The Magnetopause
    9.3 The Geomagnetic Tail
    9.4 Magnetic Reconnection
    9.5 Reconnection at the Magnetopause
    9.6 Reconnection and the Plasma-Sheet Boundary Layer
    9.7 Is Steady-State Convection Possible in the Tail?
    9.8 Conclusion

  10. MAGNETOSPHERIC CONFIGURATION
    R. A. Wolf
    10.1 Introduction
    10.2 Magnetic-Field Configuration of the Earth's Magnetosphere
    10.3 Plasma in the Earth's Middle and Inner Magnetosphere
    10.4 Electric Fields and Magnetospheric Convection
    10.5 Adiabatic Invariants and Particle Drifts
    10.6 Ionosphere-Magnetosphere Coupling
    10.7 Ionosphere Currents
    10.8 Magnetic-Field-Aligned Potential Drops
    10.9 Loss of Magnetospheric Particles into the Earth's Atmosphere
    10.10 Concluding Comment

  11. PULSATIONS AND MAGNETOHYDRODYNAMIC WAVES
    M. G. Kivelson
    11.1 Introduction
    11.2 Basic Equations
    11.3 Equations for Linear Waves
    11.4 Waves in Cold Plasmas
    11.5 Waves in Warm Plasmas
    11.6 Ionospheric Boundary Conditions
    11.7 MHD Waves in a Dipolar Magnetic Field
    11.8 Sources of Wave Energy
    11.9 Instabilities
    11.10 Waves in Planetary Magnetospheres and Elsewhere

  12. PLASMA WAVES
    C. K. Goertz and R. J. Strangeway
    12.1 Introduction
    12.2 Waves in a Two-Fluid Plasma
    12.3 Waves in an Unmagnetized Plasma
    12.4 Waves in a Magnetized Plasma
    12.5 Kinetic Theory and Wave Instabilities

  13. MAGNETOSPHERIC DYNAMICS
    R. L. McPherron
    13.1 Introduction
    13.2 Types of Magnetic Activity
    13.3 Measures of Magnetic Activity - Geomagnetic Indices
    13.4 Solar Wind Control of Geomagnetic Activity
    13.5 Magnetospheric Control of Geomagnetic Activity
    13.6 Phenomenological Models of Substorms
    13.7 Conlusions
    Appendix 13A: Instruments for Measuring Magnetic Fields
    Appendix 13B: Standard Indics of Geomagnetic Activity

  14. THE AURORA AND THE AURORAL IONOSPHERE
    H. Carlson and A. Egelund
    14.1 Introduction
    14.2 Aurora-Particle Precipitation: The Auroral Spectrum
    14.3 Auroral Distribution in Space and Time
    14.4 The Auriral Substorm
    14.5 The Auroral Ionosphere
    14.6 Auroral Effects on Radio Waves
    14.7 Energy Transfer to the Ionosphere
    14.8 Relation to Boundaries and Physical Processes in the Magnetosphere- Ionosphere-Thermosphre
    14.9 Stable Sun-aligned Arc: Energetic and Thermal Balance

  15. THE MAGNETOSPHERES OF OUTER PLANETS
    C.T. Russell
    15.1 Introduction
    15.2 The Variation in the Solar-Wind Properties
    15.3 Magnetospheric Size
    15.4 The Role of Reconnection
    15.5 Interaction of Moons with their Magnetospheres
    15.6 Radiation Belts
    15.7 Waves and Instabilities
    15.8 Radio Emissions
    15.9 Concluding Remarks

    Appendix 1: Notation, Vector Identities, and Differential Operators
    Appendix 2: Fundamental Constants and Plasma Parameters of Space Physics
    Appendix 3: Geophysical Coordinate Transformations
    References
    Index




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Last updated: December 31, 1999